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In 1991 Billy and Akaisha Kaderli retired at the age of 38. Now, into their 4th decade of this financially independent lifestyle, they invite you to take advantage of their wisdom and experience.

Lance Roberts Market Report

Market Sets New All-Time High

Last week, we discussed the seemingly unstoppable bullish trend from the October 2022 lows.

“The market rebounded mid-week from the disappointing inflation report but stumbled again on Friday after producer inflation. The market’s momentum remains strong, and investor optimism is very high. The only question is what causes a short-term correction to reduce the deviations between the market and the 200-DMA.”

The rally continued this past week, spurred higher by Nvidia’s blowout earnings report Wednesday night. After a brief test of the 20-DMA, the market surged to new all-time highs on Thursday, confirming the ongoing bullish trend. As shown, the 20-DMA continues to act as crucial support for the market.

Market Trading Update

The negative divergence in both momentum and breadth (chart below) continues to be of concern, suggesting a short-term correction is likely. With the bulk of earnings season behind us, the focus will return to the Fed and the economy.

Market Breadth

Given the more speculative action taking place in the options market, it is clear that bullish sentiment continues to remain elevated. Historically, the combination of negative divergences and bullish sentiment previously led to short-term corrections. As such, we suggest remaining somewhat diligent on risk management protocols.

We don’t know what will eventually lead to a market correction, but one will ultimately occur to reverse the more extreme deviation from the 200-DMA. With the market becoming more aligned with the Federal Reserve’s expectations for rate cuts, the current outlying risk for equities is an economic slowdown that impacts earnings.

At the moment, that is a very non-consensus worry. Most economists have swung from expecting a recession to giving up on that call. Such would include the Conference Board this past week.

 

Conference Board Scraps Its Recession Call

Eventually, the pressure of being “wrong” gets to everyone. For stock investors, the markets are famous for “dragging the last of the holdouts” back into the market just before it does indeed correct. For economists, recession calls that don’t mature impact their credibility. As we wrote in October, “Economists No Longer Expect A Recession.” To wit:

In the latest quarterly survey by The Wall Street Journal, business and academic economists lowered the probability of a recession within the next year, from 54% on average in July to a more optimistic 48%. That is the first time they have put the probability below 50% since the middle of last year.”

As of January, the probability dropped to just 39%. Of course, since the WSJ has been collecting the data, the surveyed economists continue to be spectacularly wrong, as they, just like investors, get swept up in short-term momentum and exuberance.

WSJ Recession Forecasts.

Unsurprisingly, this is the case for the Conference Board. This past week, it finally succumbed to an economy that continues to avoid a recession. To wit:

“The Conference Board on Tuesday abandoned a long-running call for the U.S. economy to fall into recession, although its Leading Economic Index still sees economic output flatlining in the months ahead. The Conference Board first announced in July 2022 that the index signaled a recession was coming. It repeated that forecast with each month’s report until Tuesday’s release for January, even as U.S. economic output, job creation, and consumer spending all continued at above-trend levels throughout, and no recession materialized.”

The chart below is the raw Leading Economic Index from the Conference Board versus GDP. Each previous decline in the index has aligned with a recession.

 

 

 

 
Leading Economic Indicators vs GDP

According to the Conference Board, the reason for the retraction of the recession call was the improvement in underlying indicators.

“While the declining LEI continues to signal headwinds to economic activity, for the first time in the past two years, six out of its 10 components were positive contributors over the past six-month period. As a result, the leading index currently does not signal recession ahead.” – Justyna Zabinska-La Monica, The Conference Board.

An Unusual Deviation

The LEI index comprises, as noted, 10 subcomponents, as shown in the chart below. The most significant positive contributor to the turn from a recession forecast came from the recent surge in stock prices to record highs. The benchmark S&P 500 index has risen by more than 20% since late October after signals from the Federal Reserve that its aggressive interest rate cycle aimed at containing inflation is over and that rate cuts are expected this year.

Furthermore, persistently low numbers of new filings for unemployment benefits and measures of future credit availability, home building permits, and new orders of manufactured goods also contributed to the change in the outlook.

Net contributions to LEI

As noted, the biggest contributors were the leading credit index (which has improved with the drop in interest rates) and the surge in the S&P 500 index. Given that the Conference Board’s Leading Index suggests where the economy will be in 6-months, the stock market tracks the index. Currently, the stock market is very detached from the index.

Leading Economic Index vs SP500

However, therein lies the risk. The Federal Reserve has been adamant that their inflation fight is NOT over yet, as noted in the most recent FOMC minutes.

“Participants generally noted that they did not expect it would be appropriate to reduce the target range for the federal funds rate until they had gained greater confidence that inflation was moving sustainably toward 2 percent.”

Such brings up Rule #9.

Bob Farrell’s Important Rule

Bob was a Wall Street veteran with over 50 years of experience crafting his investing rules. Farrell obtained his master’s degree from Columbia Business School and started as a technical analyst at Merrill Lynch in 1957. Even though Farrell studied fundamental analysis under Gramm and Dodd, he turned to technical analysis after realizing there was more to stock prices than balance sheets and income statements. Farrell became a pioneer in sentiment studies and market psychology. His 10 rules on investing stem from personal experience with dull markets, bull markets, bear markets, crashes, and bubbles. In short, Farrell had seen it all and lived to tell about it.

Regarding Wall Street experts, Rule #9 is the most important.

When all the experts and forecasts agree, something else will happen.

With the Conference Board giving up its recession call, all the “experts” from Wall Street to the “Ivory Towers” of economics are in the “no recession” camp. It is an interesting switch, given that in 2022, all the experts expected a recession in 2023. But here we are in 2024 with “not a recession in sight.”

But this is where it is interesting. The Conference Boards index has had negative readings for the last 23 months. That is just one month short of negative readings in 2008.

LEI consecutive negative weeks.

The first negative reading of the index was in April 2007. As shown in the chart below, in April 2007, there was no hint of a recession in the economic data. Employment was strong, and even in early 2008, Ben Bernanke, then Fed chairman, stated that it was a “Goldilocks” economy and that “subprime mortgages” were contained.

Notably, it wasn’t until 21 months later that the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) declared the recession began 12 months earlier, in December 2007.

 

 

 

 
Quarterly annual change at real rates

Could a recession still be in our future?

The Risk Of A Recession Is Not Zero

With the stock market surging and financial conditions loosening, there seem to be valid reasons to suspect we may avoid a recession. As noted by the Conference Board, unemployment remains low, along with jobless claims, and confidence has improved markedly in recent months.

However, historically, the NBER has been very late in determining the start and end of a recession. Such will likely be the case as they wait for data revisions and clear evidence of a recessionary economic downturn. With the economy still growing, there is no need for a recessionary call.

NBER and Recession Dating

The economy’s strength is unsurprising, given the ongoing financial stimulus from the Inflation Reduction Act, the CHIPS Act, and a surge in deficit spending. As we discussed recently, deficit spending keeps the economy out of recession.

“As noted, the problem remains on how the economy has avoided a recession despite the Fed’s aggressive rate hiking campaign. Numerous indicators, from the leading economic index to the yield curve, suggest a high probability of an economic recession, but one has yet to occur. One explanation for this has been the surge in Federal expenditures since the end of 2022 stemming from the Inflation Reduction and CHIPs Acts. The second reason is that GDP was so grossly elevated from the $5 Trillion in previous fiscal policies that the lag effect is taking longer than historical norms to resolve.”

Federal Receipts & Expenditures

We see that same support to economic activity in the monetary supply (M2) as a percentage of the economy. While those monetary and fiscal supports caused economic growth to surge following the “pandemic-related” spending spree, both are reversing.

M2 as a percentage of GDP.

Crucially, it was worth noting that the massive surge in economic growth is reversing as those monetary supports fade. However, given that the reversal in economic growth started from the highest annualized growth rate since 1959, the reversal of that stimulus-induced surge will require more time.

As such, without additional fiscal or monetary stimulus to offset the restrictive period of monetary policy, the risk of recession in the next 12-24 months is not zero.

 

 

 

 

Yield Curve Still Says There Is A Risk

The question of a “soft landing” or an outright “recession” is difficult to answer. It is certainly possible that all of the tell-tale signs of economic recession may be wrong this time. There is another possibility. Given the massive increase in activity due to a shuttered economy and massive fiscal stimulus, the reversion may take longer than expected. Both scenarios support the rising optimism of Wall Street economists in the near term.

We would already be in a recession if we had entered this current period at previous growth rates below 4%. The difference is the contraction began from a peak in nominal GDP of nearly 12%. As noted above, a bounce in activity is not surprising after a significant contraction in the economic data. The question is whether that bounce is sustainable. Unfortunately, we won’t know the answer for quite some time.

Real GDP quarterly change at an annual rate.

We know that Federal Reserve actions regarding hiking rates have about a 6-quarter lead over changes to economic growth. Given that the last Fed rate hike was in Q2 of last year, such would suggest a further slowing in economic activity by the end of 2024.

Fed funds vs GDP

While the Conference Board has abandoned its recession call, the bond market has not. The yield spread between the 10-year and 2-year Treasury Bonds remains deeply inverted. Notably, the inversion is NOT the recessionary warning. It is when that yield-curve UN-inverts that signals the onset of a recession. Such has historically occurred in response to Federal Reserve rate cuts to try and offset a rapidly slowing economy.

Yield Curve and Recession Warnings

The views expressed by Lance Roberts are not necessarily those of RetireEarlyLifestyle.com

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About the Authors

 
Billy and Akaisha Kaderli are recognized retirement experts and internationally published authors on topics of finance, medical tourism and world travel. With the wealth of information they share on their award winning website RetireEarlyLifestyle.com, they have been helping people achieve their own retirement dreams since 1991. They wrote the popular books, The Adventurer’s Guide to Early Retirement and Your Retirement Dream IS Possible available on their website bookstore or on Amazon.com.

 

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